Following this adoption, the pact deals directly with the management of migration flows, the protection of migrants` rights and how host countries can develop integrated societies. While most migration is controlled by binational visa regimes and agreements, irregular migration and the risks associated with it, as Louise Arbour, the UN Special Representative for International Migration, points out, “is linked to the lack of regular and safe routes.” Dominican Republic: On December 4, 2018, the Dominican government defined its position on the Global Compact on Migration and determined that the Dominican State would not sign the agreement, as reported by the executive`s legal adviser, Flavio Daro Espinal, at a press conference. He also spoke of the country`s participation in the Moroccan summit and announced that President Danilo Medina would not attend the meeting.  The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration was formally adopted in December 2018 by 164 UN member states, including the United Kingdom. This briefing explains what the pact has and its implications for the Member States. The draft agreement lists 23 objectives and commitments. This includes collecting and using accurate and anonymous data to develop an evidence-based migration policy, to ensure the identity of all migrants, to improve the availability and flexibility of regular migration, to promote cooperation in monitoring missing persons and to save lives, to ensure that migrants have access to basic services and to provide provisions for both the full participation of migrants and the social cohesion.  Latvia: on 6 December 2018, the Latvian parliament voted in favour of rejecting the pact.  The Australian government has criticized the agreement and said it does not distinguish between legal and illegal migrants, particularly with regard to social assistance. They also said the pact could impose obligations to help migrants, even if they returned to their countries of origin.
The Australian government believes the pact would undermine its current migration policy.     Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz said that the pact would reduce Austria`s sovereignty and mix the difference between illegal immigration and legal immigration and between economic and humanitarian immigration.  In September 2016, by adopting the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants, the General Assembly decided to develop a global pact for safe, orderly and regular migration.