Workers are not required to join a union in a given workplace. Nevertheless, most industries, with an average union training of 70%, are subject to a collective agreement. An agreement does not prohibit higher wages and better benefits, but sets a legal minimum, much like a minimum wage. In addition, an agreement on national income policy is often, but not always, reached, bringing together all trade unions, employers` organisations and the Finnish government.  A collective agreement is a written contract between an employer and a union representing the workers. The KBA is the result of a broad negotiation process between the parties on issues such as wages, hours and terms of employment. The United States recognizes collective agreements   “Collective bargaining is the formal process of bargaining between an employer and a group of workers… Although the collective agreement itself is not applicable, many of the negotiated terms relate to wages, conditions, leave, pensions, etc. These conditions are included in a worker`s employment contract (whether the worker is unionized or not); and the employment contract is of course applicable. If the new conditions are not acceptable to individuals, they may be contrary to their employer; but if the majority of workers have agreed, the company will be able to dismiss the complainants, usually unpunished. The Act is now enshrined in the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 p.179, which provides that collective agreements are definitively considered non-binding in the United Kingdom. This presumption can be rebutted if the agreement is written and includes an express provision that it should be legally enforceable.
British law reflects the historically contradictory nature of labour relations in the United Kingdom. In addition, workers are concerned that the union, if it were to file a collective agreement infringement action, would be bankrupted, which would allow workers to remain in collective bargaining without representation.